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Outward Bound是80年前由著名的德国教育家库尔特·汉恩所开发的一种教育创新。它始于20世纪30年代在苏格兰开设的戈登斯顿学校,最初只有两名学生。在这里,汉恩将他的理念精炼成一种实践课程,该课程奖励身体技能的发展,以及通过探险、从事爱好或项目,在户外生活中的学习,以及在课堂上的成就。

将学校迁至威尔士后,外展训练的下一步发展是与英国船运大亨劳伦斯·霍尔爵士合作,教授年轻的英国水手在二战中生存所需的技能。

以基于Hahn的信念为基础的课程,即品格发展与学术成就同样重要,这所新学校成为了战后体验式学习的源泉。Hahn 发现,置身于富有挑战性和冒险性的户外环境中的人会变得更加自信,重新定义自己对个人可能性的看法,展现出同情心,并与同龄人建立起团队精神。

这个名为“户外探索”(Outward Bound)的开创性教育项目——源自航海术语,意为船只离开安全的港湾驶向开阔的海洋——仅用了几年时间就开始了其国际化进程。随着户外拓展活动的发展,项目和场所进行了相当大的调整。

Outward Bound is an educational innovation developed 80 years ago by Kurt Hahn, a celebrated and progressive German educator. It began with the opening of Gordonstoun school in Scotland in the 1930’s with only two students. Here, Hahn refined his philosophies into a practical curriculum that rewarded development of physical skills as well as learning to live in the outdoors through an expedition, and embarking upon a hobby or project, in addition to achievements in the classroom.

After relocating the school to Wales, the next step of Outward Bound’s evolution came via a joint effort with British shipping baron Sir Lawrence Holt to teach young British sailors the vital survival skills necessary during World War II.

With a curriculum based mainly on Hahn’s belief that character development was just as important as academic achievement, the new school became the wellspring of experiential learning in the post-war period. Hahn found that people who were put in challenging, adventurous outdoor situations gained confidence, redefined their own perceptions of their personal possibilities, demonstrated compassion, and developed a spirit of camaraderie with their peers.

It took only a few years for this ground-breaking educational program called “Outward Bound” – the nautical term to describe a ship leaving the safety of its harbour to head for the open seas—to begin its international expansion. As Outward Bound grew, there was considerable adaptation of programs and venues.
外展起源于英国,1941年以来,外展已经在影响了数百万的来自世界各地的参加者。自2019年,既香港与台湾地区之后,湖北外展成为首个中国内地的外展训练学校,并在湖北省民政厅的批准下成立民办非企业单位。我们积极全国各地的政府与机构合作,推动青年发展。

Outward Bound originated in the UK, and since 1941, it has impacted millions of participants worldwide. In 2019, Outward Bound Hubei became the first Outward Bound school in Mainland China, established as a non-profit organization under the approval of Private Non-enterprise Units of Hubei Province. We actively collaborate with governments and institutions across the country to promote youth development.